Location: Fine Bokhara
Size: 6'1" x 2'0"
The weaving tradition in Pakistani carpets dates back to the Marshall rule in India, over 600 years ago. Sharing a religious and cultural heritage with Persia, Pakistani carpets share the same weaving techniques and styles as their counterparts in Iran. The surrounding countries have had a tremendous impact on Pakistan and the result is a blending of Persian, Caucasian and Turkish designs. In contemporary Pakistan, carpet weaving has remained mainly a cottage industry with the great majority of pieces manufactured in individual dwellings, which may contain several looms. Today, rugs are woven with high-quality blends of indigenous and imported wool. Approximately 70% of the weaving is done within a 400-mile radius of Lahore, the capital of Punjab province. Karachi, the capital of the Sind province, represents some 20% of the total output. The areas around the cities of Quetta and Peshawar generated the remaining 10%. By far the most readily available quality of Pakistani Persian-design carpets today is the so-called 16/18, which is roughly equivalent to 288 knots per square inch. Pakistani 16/18 weavers generally concentrate on reproducing the more intricate Persian patterns – namely Kashan, Tabriz, Nain, and Isfahan – which require a greater number of knots.
Until the 1970s, Pakistan had predominantly woven Bokharas characterized by a repetitive octagonal or gul motif, which is based on a traditional Central Asia Turkoman design. Today Bokharas still account for a significant portion of the total production and are available in two styles: Mori and Jaldar. Mori Bokharas feature the traditional gul motif and come in a broad array of colors – including traditional hues (e.g., reds, rusts and ivories), pastels, and fashion shades (e.g., peach, coral, gray). More recent was the development of Jaldar Bokharas generally displaying geometric, contemporary-style designs as well as motifs based on nomadic Caucasian sources. Jaldar Bokharas range from 162 to 200 knots per square inch. Bokharas come in a full assortment of sizes ranging from one-foot square to room sizes and runners. Persian-design carpets are also found in other qualities ranging from about 195 to 324 knots per square inch, but the latter knots count quality only exists in smaller-sized rugs of 4’x6’ and below.
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